Kablusiak, also known as Jade Nasogaluak Carpenter, is an emerging Inuvialuk artist and sculptor based in Calgary. Kablusiak says artists’ families are ‘left in the dust’ if artists don’t get a monetary portion of the resale of their work. (Ian McCausland) A major purchase of Inuit art has left some asking whether artists are getting a fair cut from the work they create.
The now-iconic print, The Enchanted Owl, was created by famed Nunavut artist Kenojuak Ashevak in 1960 and was first sold for about $50. On Nov. 20, one of the limited-edition prints sold for $216,000 at Waddington’s, a Toronto auction house.
But because Ashevak, who died in 2013, had already sold the piece, her estate did not get any of that money — sparking questions from artists about what they should get when their work is resold.
Kablusiak, who also goes by Jade Nasogaluak Carpenter, is an emerging Inuvialuk artist and sculptor based in Calgary who makes soapstone carvings of items like cigarettes or sex toys. Kablusiak, who prefers to be referred to with the pronoun they or them, was excited to hear about the purchase at first.
But after more thought, Kablusiak told CBC they found it "disgusting."
"I am glad Inuit art is placed so highly, but it is terrible that the artist [and] their families are left in the dust," Kablusiak added in a text message. A print of Kenojuak Ashevak’s The Enchanted Owl, created in 1960, was recently sold for $216,000 at a Toronto auction. The artist’s estate did not receive any of that money. (West Baffin Eskimo Co-Operative Ltd./National Gallery of Canada) Canadian Artists’ Representation, a lobby group, has been advocating for years for artists or their estates to get a small cut when artwork is resold — also termed the artist resale fee.
This year, the federal standing committee on industry, science and technology is taking a mandatory review of Canada’s Copyright Act. Canadian Artists’ Representation is asking the committee to consider making it mandatory for sellers and dealers, such as galleries or auction houses, to give a portion of the resale to the artist or artist’s estate — like a five per cent total resale fee.
Janet Brewster, the executive director of the Nunavut Arts and Crafts Association, said a resale fee would have a direct benefit in her northern community of Iqaluit.
"Inuit artists are very prolific, and there are a lot of subsistence artists who basically make art every day in order to feed their families," Brewster said.
Royalties for art resale would allow artists to take care of their families, even when they are no longer alive, said Brewster.
"If somebody passes away, then they’re leaving a legacy behind."
Brewster added that musicians have received royalties for their work for a long time, and that in places like the United Kingdom, an artist resale fee has become the norm.
According to Canadian Artists’ Representation, 93 countries have mandatory resale fees for artists. One of Kablusiak’s projects involved making soapstone items of everyday life, such as cigarettes. (Brittany Lucas) Canadian Artists’ Representation spoke at the standing committee on industry, science and technology in October.
The group’s director Joshua Vettivelu, a Toronto-based artist who also prefers to go by the pronoun they, said that resale rights for artists would have the biggest benefit on creators in the North who often create work to support their families.
"Indigenous artists, specifically those in the North, suffer from a lack of access to the primary market. And if they do have access, it is often exploitative," said Vettivelu, according to the meeting notes.
"The structural conditions of colonialism, which are very real, often force Indigenous artists to […]
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