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In the not-so-distant past, the education system in Canada was used as a means to indoctrinate and assimilate Indigenous Peoples into Canada’s body politic.

Expectedly, Indigenous Peoples resisted this education and — on top of chronically underfunded and under-supported schooling (both on reserve and off) — this has led to an educational and employment gap between Indigenous Peoples and Canadians.

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) of Canada has claimed that education can reconcile this gap. As Sen. Murray Sinclair states: “Education is what got us here, education is what will get us out.” As a result, nearly half of the TRC calls to action involve education in one way or another.

Since the 1970s, teachers have led movements to indigenize and decolonize educational institutions to both support Indigenous students and give Canadians a more complete understanding of this country.

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