Under Premier Doug Ford, Ontario elementary schools have ditched the 2015 sex ed curriculum. Instead, they’re using an interim document from 2010, which is an updated version of the 1998 health and physical education curriculum. (High schools will continue to use the 2015 version.) Here’s everything parents need to know about what kids will learn about sex versus what they learned under the 2015 curriculum. 1. Genitalia
Grade 1: how to identify major body parts using proper names, including penis, testicles, vagina and vulva.
Grade 5: students learn the male and female reproductive systems, including how to identify the uterus, clitoris, scrotum and testicles.
No reference to proper names of genitalia anywhere in the curriculum. 2. Puberty
Grade 4: physical changes during puberty, including breast development in females.
Grade 5: male and female reproductive systems, including in-depth explanations of menstruation, ejaculation and egg fertilization.
No reference to breast development anywhere in the curriculum.
Grade 5: students learn about menstruation and spermatogenesis, but it’s not clear in how much detail. 3. Masturbation
Grade 6: students learn about wet dreams and vaginal lubrication and that masturbation is a normal, healthy way to discover one’s body.
No reference to masturbation anywhere in the curriculum. 4. Gender Identity
Grade 3: students learn that gender identity and sexual orientation make people unique.
Grade 6: stereotypes based on gender and/or sexual orientation are harmful.
Grade 8: students learn about gender identities, including male, female, two-spirit, transgender, transsexual and intersex. Interim curriculum: Grade 7: students learn it’s harmful to use homophobic put-downs.The introduction states students of all genders and sexual orientations should feel included in health-related activities and discussions. But there is no reference to gender stereotypes or specific gender identities, including transgender, anywhere in the curriculum. 5. Cultural Teachings 2015 curriculum: Grade 2: students consider Indigenous teachings to learn about basic human development.Grade 4: students learn about various cultural traditions associated with puberty.Grade 6: students consider Indigenous teachings, including the Medicine Wheel metaphor, as a way of learning about healthy relationships.Grade 8: students learn about Indigenous two-spirit gender identity. Interim curriculum: Grade 4: students learn Indigenous teachings that can help strengthen relationships; no examples are given. 6. Online Behaviour 2015 curriculum: Grade 4: students learn that internet and cellphone use may expose them to people who ask for sexual pictures.Grade 5: students learn about sexual harassment and that sharing sexual photos of others online is illegal.Grade 7: students learn about the risks of sexting and how this can affect one’s well being, as well as future relationships and/or jobs. Interim curriculum: Grade 4: students learn about risks of using the internet, including “online predators.”Grade 7: students learn that sending sexually explicit photos (the term sexting is not used) can affect future relationships and/or jobs. 7. Abstinence 2015 curriculum: Grade 7: students learn that abstinence can mean different things for different people, and they should be clear about what they are comfortable with.Grade 8: identify and explain factors that affect decisions about sexual activity, including personal limits, peer pressure, desire, acceptance of gender identity and sexual orientation and risk of pregnancy. Interim curriculum: Grade 7 and 8 students learn about the possible consequences of “risky (sexual) behaviours” and are taught abstinence is a “positive choice” for adolescents. 8. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2015 curriculum: Grade 7 and 8: students learn the proper names for STIs, including HPV, herpes, chlamydia, gonorrhea, Hepatitis B, and HIV and AIDS. They also learn how to identify STI symptoms, […]
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