Day: September 16, 2017

Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian policy (The White Paper, 1969)

Table of contents Foreword Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian policy (The White Paper, 1969) >Presented to the First Session of the Twenty-eighth Parliament by the Honourable Jean Chrétien, Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development To be an Indian is to be a man, with all a man’s needs and abilities. To be an Indian is also to be different. It is to speak different languages, draw different pictures, tell different tales and to rely on a set of values developed in a different world. Canada is richer for its Indian component, although there have been times when diversity seemed of little value to many Canadians. But to be a Canadian Indian today is to be someone different in another way. It is to be someone apart – apart in law, apart in the provision of government services and, too often, part in social contacts. To be an Indian is to lack power – the power to act as owner of your lands, the power to spend your own money and, too often, the power to change your own condition. Not always, but too often, to be an Indian is to be without – without a job, a good house, or running water; without knowledge, training or technical skill and, above all, without those feelings of dignity and self-confidence that a man must have if he...

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The White Paper 1969

In spite of all government attempts to convince Indians to accept the white paper, their efforts will fail, because Indians understand that the path outlined by the Department of Indian Affairs through its mouthpiece, the Honourable Mr. Chrétien, leads directly to cultural genocide. We will not walk this path. —Harold Cardinal, The Unjust Society In 1969, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and his Minister of Indian Affairs, Jean Chrétien, unveiled a policy paper that proposed ending the special legal relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the Canadian state and dismantling the Indian Act . This white paper was met with forceful opposition from Aboriginal leaders across the country and sparked a new era of Indigenous political organizing in Canada. What is a white paper? In the Canadian legislature, a policy paper is called a white paper . For many First Nations people, the term ironically implies a reference to racial politics and the white majority. The 1969 white paper proposing the abolition of the Indian Act was formally called the Statement of the Government of Canada on Indian Policy. The federal government’s intention, as described in the white paper, was to achieve equality among all Canadians by eliminating Indian as a distinct legal status and by regarding Aboriginal peoples simply as citizens with the same rights, opportunities and responsibilities as other Canadians. In keeping with Trudeau’s vision of a “just society,”...

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Which Aboriginal ‘Age of Aquarius’ will prevail?

In colorful traditional dress, Darrell Brertton, 18, performs during a National Aboriginal Day kickoff in Edmonton on June 19, 2017. (ED KAISER/POSTMEDIA NETWORK) Former PMs Pierre Trudeau and Jean Chretien were ardent supporters of a pan-Canadian identity, not unlike that of Sir John A. Macdonald. That is, they had the stated goal of a single Canadian identity that would unify all the players, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal alike. Trudeau’s approach, called the “White Paper” in 1969, precipitated a huge backlash and organized campaign by many of Canada’s putative Indigenous peoples, who felt threatened once again by white colonialists. With that...

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Manitoba NDP pick rookie MLA, Indigenous author Wab Kinew as party and Opposition leader

Wab Kinew sticks his head out prior to the start of the Winnipeg Labour Day march from Memorial Park on Mon., Sept. 4, 2017. WINNIPEG — Rookie politician and Indigenous author Wab Kinew is the new leader of the Manitoba NDP who members hope will lead them back to power. Party members elected Kinew over veteran cabinet minister Steve Ashton as the province’s official Opposition leader in a vote of 728 to 253. Kinew, who is 35, went into Saturday’s vote with majority support among delegates elected in the province’s 57 constituencies who cast ballots at Saturday’s leadership convention....

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Sen. Lynn Beyak Doubles Down On Latest Comments About Indigenous People

In both her letter and press release, Beyak called former prime minister Pierre Trudeau’s so-called White Paper “brilliant.” Sen. Lynn Beyak has made controversial comments about Indigenous people once again. Sen. Lynn Beyak reiterated her belief on Thursday that the real problem for Indigenous people in Canada is bureaucracy. “The dollars are going to lawyers and red tape obstacles instead of the deserving individuals,” she wrote in a press release, saying that survivors of residential schools should be compensated. “What we have been doing is obviously not working, spending billions of dollars annually, yet filthy water and inadequate housing...

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